Many parents experience mental illness over the course of their lives. In the United Kingdom, approximately 2.5 million children live in families affected by parental mental illness (Tunnard 2004). In the Netherlands 577.000 children grow up with a parent with a mental illness and/or addiction.In Greece, about 40% of people being admitted in psychiatric hospitals or clinics are parents. Overall, over 67% of women and over 75% of men with serious mental illness are parents (Nicholson et al. 2004). Serious mental illness (including schizophrenia, major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, or severe borderline personality disorder) is associated with impaired parenting capacities. Children report experiences of child neglect and abuse, feeling scared or unsafe due to parents’ psychiatric symptoms, or becoming caregivers to their parent (Duncan et al., 2009).

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